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首播

重播

  福建省抗癌协会专家提醒,目前降低肿瘤发病率的唯一办法是病因预防,合理均衡的饮食结构和良好的饮食习惯可以提高机体的抵抗力,从而达到饮食防癌的目的。

  据专家介绍,在膳食中应有充分的营养,并且食物要多样化,以植物性食物为主,应占每顿饭的三分之二以上。植物性食物中应有较多的各种各样的蔬菜、水果、豆类和粗加工的谷类等。

  同时,要多吃蔬菜、水果,坚持每天吃400-800克的各种蔬菜、水果,可使患癌症的危险性降低20%。多吃淀粉类食品,每天吃600-800克的各种谷类、豆类、植物类根茎,加工越少的食物越好。食物中淀粉有预防结肠癌和直肠癌的作用,高纤维的饮食有可能预防结肠癌、直肠癌、乳腺癌和胰腺癌的发生。

  专家提醒,不要饮用或少饮酒精饮料。经常饮酒会增加口腔癌、咽喉癌、食道癌、原发性肝癌、结肠癌、直肠癌、乳腺癌的危险。减少红肉摄入量。红肉会增加结肠癌、直肠癌、胰腺癌、前列腺癌、肾癌、乳腺癌的危险性,最好用鱼和家禽替代红肉。

  另外,要限制高脂食物,特别是动物性脂肪的摄入。限制食盐和腌制食物,高盐饮食会增加患胃癌的危险。食物储藏应防霉污染、防腐败变质。烹调宜低温,提倡多用蒸、煮、凉拌、汤菜等烹调方法。

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